Ecological assets are at the core of every nation's long-term wealth. Yet today, population growth and consumption patterns are putting more pressure on our planet's ecosystems, as seen in water shortages, reduced cropland productivity, deforestation, biodiversity loss, fisheries collapse and climate change. Ecological Footprint accounting compares how much demand human consumption places on the biosphere (Ecological Footprint) to the area, or supply, of productive land available to meet this demand (biocapacity). Both Footprint and biocapacity are measured in global hectares. Footprint accounting exposes the unique risks and opportunities that natural resource constraints pose to each nation. Learn more and download country data from the new Ecological Footprint Explorer open data platform at data.footprintnetwork.org.

All Ecological Footprint and biocapacity data is for 2013

BIOCAPACITY

Biocapacity is the area of productive land available to produce resources or absorb carbon dioxide waste, given current management practices. Biocapacity is measured in standard units called global hectares.

BIOCAPACITY OF COUNTRY (in global hectares)

  • > 1B

  • 250M - 1B

  • 100M - 250M

  • 50M - 100M

  • 25M - 50M

  • 10M - 25M

  • < 10M

COUNTRIES RANKED BY TOTAL BIOCAPACITY (in global hectares)

x
Population (2013)
Ecological Footprint
per capita
Biocapacity
per capita
BIOCAPACITY
CREDIT(+)/DEFICIT(-)

Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity
From 1961 to 2013

Ecological Footprint
Biocapacity
Data Sources: National Footprint Accounts 2017 (Data Year 2013); World Development Indicators, The World Bank (2016); U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.
Learn More: Download and interact with data at data.footprintnetwork.org.