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About Global Footprint Network
Our mission is to promote a sustainable economy by advancing the Ecological Footprint, a measurement tool that makes the reality of planetary limits relevant to decision-makers.

Advisory Council
E.O. Wilson
Manfred Max-Neef
Rhodri Morgan
David Suzuki
Emil Salim
Julia Marton-Lefèvre
William E. Rees
Lester Brown
Jorgen Randers
M S Swaminathan
Daniel Pauly
Eric Garcetti
Ernst Ulrich von Weizsäcker
Michael Meacher
Karl-Henrik Robèrt
Will Steffen
Dominique Voynet
Fabio Feldman
Oscar Arias
Peter Raven
Mick Bourke
Norman Myers
Gus Speth
Stephen Groff
Thomas E. Lovejoy

New Release: National Footprint Accounts 2014

Newly published Global Footprint Network data show that high-income countries’ average demands on nature dropped sharply at the onset of the global financial crisis in 2008. In 2010 the per person Footprint started to grow again only in a few high-income countries as governments began spending billions of dollars to stimulate their economies.

During the global financial crisis, middle- and low-income nations’ per capita Ecological Footprint remained largely unchanged, according to the 2014 National Footprint Accounts.

Changes in the Ecological Footprint per person in high-, middle- and low-income countries between 1961 and 2010. China (a middle-income country) is shown separately. The green line represents world biocapacity per person. Biocapacity per person has been declining because the world population has grown more quickly than biocapacity productivity (Global Footprint Network, 2014 NFA edition).

Globally, humanity’s per person Ecological Footprint decreased 3 percent between 2008 and 2009, due mostly to a decline in demand for fossil fuel and hence a decreasing carbon Footprint. Low-income countries, typically characterized by less elasticity in their standard of living, contributed little to the decrease in humanity’s per person Footprint.

Every year, Global Footprint Network updates its National Footprint Accounts, which compare more than 220 nations’ demands for ecological resources and services (their Footprints) against the amount available within their borders (biocapacity). Each country’s performance varies year to year, but one overarching trend has persisted for decades: Global ecological overshoot continues to grow. Ecological overshoot now stands at 54 percent above the planet’s biocapacity. Humanity demands more than 1.5 times more biocapacity than what our planet can renew.

This year’s National Footprint Accounts cover five decades. They track nations’ Ecological Footprints and biocapacity from 1961 to 2010, the most recent year for which complete data sets are available. With the latest data, Global Footprint Network can now show the resource implications of the recent global financial crisis.

Data Licenses

National Footprint Accounts 2014 data is now available for license.

Hundreds of investors, nations, academics and companies license the National Footprint Accounts and related tools each year. The Accounts help decision-makers track the speed and scale of resource and population trends, perform trade analyses and understand the demand that key economic sectors place on ecosystems.

National Footprint Accounts 2014 data is available under licenses for academic and commercial purposes. Click here to view a sample of the data tables from the 2010 edition.

Country Risk Rankings are now available for more than 130 countries.

Global Footprint Network’s Country Risk Rankings quantify natural resource and environmental risks so they can be incorporated into country risk and sovereign credit risk assessments. Based on the ERISC: Environmental Risk in Sovereign Credits methodology co-developed by Global Footprint Network, United Nations Environment Programme Finance Initiative (UNEP FI) and 18 financial institutions, the Country Risk Rankings explore the extent to which resource risks can impact a nation’s economy and affect its ability to pay its debts. These Rankings provide evidence for better determining the significance of natural resource constraints for sovereign credit risk.

Ecological Footprint Training

Are you interested in a hands-on training course to understand the methodological and scientific basis of the Ecological Footprint, and how the Footprint relates to economic competitiveness and human well-being? Do you want to learn how to calculate Ecological Footprints for cities, nations and regions?

If so, Global Footprint Network is offering a 2 1/2-day technical training course for you. The workshop will be held May 12-14 in Oakland, California, USA, and is appropriate for professionals with a natural science, technical and/or quantitative background. This includes managers in organizations, policy advisors and planners in government agencies and municipalities, consultants, research scientists, academic teachers, and students. For more information and registration details, please visit our website’s Upcoming Events page or contact