Ecological assets are at the core of every nation's long-term wealth. Yet today, population growth and consumption patterns are putting more pressure on our planet's ecosystems, as seen in water shortages, reduced cropland productivity, deforestation, biodiversity loss, fisheries collapse and climate change. Ecological Footprint accounting compares how much demand human consumption places on the biosphere (Ecological Footprint) to the area, or supply, of productive land available to meet this demand (biocapacity). Both Footprint and biocapacity are measured in global hectares. Footprint accounting exposes the unique risks and opportunities that natural resource constraints pose to each nation.
All Ecological Footprint and biocapacity data is for 2012
Biocapacity is the area of productive land available to produce resources or absorb carbon dioxide waste, given current management practices. Biocapacity is measured in standard units called global hectares.
BIOCAPACITY OF COUNTRY (in global hectares)
250M - 1B
100M - 250M
50M - 100M
25M - 50M
10M - 25M
COUNTRIES RANKED BY TOTAL BIOCAPACITY (in global hectares)
Ecological Footprint per capita
Biocapacity per capita
Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity From 1961 to 2012