Ecological assets are at the core of every nation's long-term wealth. Yet today, population growth and consumption patterns are putting more pressure on our planet's ecosystems, as seen in water shortages, reduced cropland productivity, deforestation, biodiversity loss, fisheries collapse and climate change. Ecological Footprint accounting compares how much demand human consumption places on the biosphere (Ecological Footprint) to the area, or supply, of productive land available to meet this demand (biocapacity). Both Footprint and biocapacity are measured in global hectares. Footprint accounting exposes the unique risks and opportunities that natural resource constraints pose to each nation.

All Ecological Footprint and biocapacity data is for 2012

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT PER CAPITA

The Ecological Footprint per capita is a nation's total Ecological Footprint divided by the total population of the nation. To live within the means of our planet's resources, the world's Ecological Footprint would have to equal the available biocapacity per person on our planet, which is currently 1.7 global hectares. So if a nation's Ecological Footprint per capita is 6.8 global hectares, its citizens are demanding four times the resources and wastes that our planet can regenerate and absorb in the atmosphere.

ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT PER CAPITA OF COUNTRY'S POPULATION (in global hectares)

  • > 6.7

  • 5.1 - 6.7

  • 3.4 - 5.1

  • 1.7 - 3.4

  • < 1.7

COUNTRIES RANKED BY ECOLOGICAL FOOTPRINT PER CAPITA (in global hectares)

x
Population (2012)
Ecological Footprint
per capita
Biocapacity
per capita
BIOCAPACITY
CREDIT(+)/DEFICIT(-)

Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity
From 1961 to 2012

Ecological Footprint
Biocapacity
Data Sources: National Footprint Accounts 2016 (Data Year 2012); World Development Indicators, The World Bank (2016); U.N. Food and Agriculture Organization.