Academic References

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There have been large numbers of academic publications on the Ecological Footprint over the last twenty years. This page provides a partial list of academic articles, reports and working papers on the Ecological Footprint. We continue to collect references for this page. Please contact us to add references and articles to this page.

Recent Staff-Authored Articles

Galli, A., Halle, M., Grunewald, N., 2015. Physical limits to resource access and utilisation and their economic implications in Mediterranean economies. Environmental Science and Policy, 51, 125-136.

Chambers, N., Simmons, C., Wackernagel, M., 2014. Sharing nature's interest: ecological footprints as an indicator of sustainability. Routledge.

Clarvis, M. H., Halle, M., Mulder, I., Yarime, M., 2014. Towards a new framework to account for environmental risk in sovereign credit risk analysis. Journal of Sustainable Finance & Investment, 4(2), 147-160.

Galli, A., Halle, M., 2014. Mounting Debt in a World in Overshoot: An Analysis of the Link between the Mediterranean Region’s Economic and Ecological Crises. Resources, 3(2), 383-394; doi:10.3390/resources3020383

Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., Iha, K., Lazarus, E., 2014. Ecological Footprint: implications for biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 173, 121-132.

Goldfinger, S., Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Lazarus, E., Lin, D., 2014. Footprint facts and fallacies: A response to Giampietro and Saltelli (2014) "Footprints to Nowhere." Ecological Indicators, 46, 622–632

Tittensor, D. P., Walpole, M., Hill, S., Boyce, D., Britten, G., Burgess, N., Butchart, S., Leadley, P., Regan, E., Alkemade, R., Baumung, R., Bellard, C., Bouwman, L., Bowles-Newark, N., Chenery, A., Cheung, W., Christensen, V., Cooper, H. D., Crowther, A., Dixon, M., Galli, A., Gaveau, V., Gregory, R., Gutierrez, N., Hirsch, T., Höft, R., Januchowski-Hartley, S., Karmann, M., Krug, C., Leverington, F., Loh, J., Kutsch Lojenga, R., Malsch, K., Marques, A., Morgan, D., Mumby, P., Newbold, T., Noonan-Mooney, K., Pagad, S., Parks, B., Pereira, H., Robertson, T., Rondinini, C., Santini, L., Scharlemann, J., Schindler, S., Rashid Sumaila, U., Teh, L., van Kolck, J., Visconti, P., and Ye, Y., 2014. A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets, Science, 346 (6206), 241-244.
Read our press release here.

Wackernagel, M., 2014. Comment on "Ecological Footprint Policy? Land Use as an Environmental Indicator". Journal of Industrial Ecology, 18, 20-23. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12094

Wackernagel, M., Cranston, G., Morales, J.C., Galli, A., 2014. Ecological Footprint Accounts. In: Handbook of Sustainable Development: second revised edition. Atkinson, G., Dietz, S., Neumayer, E., Agarwala, M. (eds). Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, Glos, UK.

Weinzettel, J., Steen-Olsen, K., Hertwich, E.G., Borucke, M., Galli, A., 2014. Ecological footprint of nations: Comparison of process analysis, and standard and hybrid multiregional input–output analysis. Ecological Economics, 101, 115-126.

Bastianoni, S., Niccolucci, V., Neri, E., Cranston, G., Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., 2013. Sustainable Development: Ecological Footprint in Accounting. Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, pp. 2467-2481. DOI: 10.1081/E-EEM-120047347 Copyright © 2013 by Taylor & Francis.

Borucke M, Moore D, Cranston G, Gracey K, Iha K, Larson J, Lazarus E, Morales JC, Wackernagel M, Galli A. 2013. Accounting for demand and supply of the Biosphere's regenerative capacity: the National Footprint Accounts' underlying methodology and framework. Ecological Indicators, 24, 518-533.

Galli, A., Halle, M., Mattoon, S., and M. Wackernagel, 2013. Physical and financial limits to resource access and utilization: the case of the Mediterranean economies. In World Resource Forum, Davos, Switzerland, 6-9.

Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., 2013. Sustainable Development: Ecological Footprint in Accounting. Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, pp. 2467-2481. DOI: 10.1081/E-EEM-120047347 Copyright © 2013 by Taylor & Francis.

Galli, A., Weinzettel, J., Cranston, G., Ercin, E. 2013. A Footprint Family extended MRIO model to support Europe's transition to a One Planet Economy. Science of the Total Environment. 461-462, 813-818.

Passeri, N., Borucke, M., Blasi, M., Franco, S., and E. Lazarus, 2013. The influence of farming technique on cropland: A new approach for the Ecological Footprint. Ecological Indicators, 29, 1-5.

Rees, W., and M. Wackernagel, 2013. The shoe fits, but the footprint is larger than Earth. PLoS Biol. 11(11): e1001701. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001701

Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Borucke, M., Lazarus, E., Mattoon, S., 2013. Ecological footprint accounting. In: Globalisation, Economic Transition and the Environment: Forging a Path to Sustainable Development. Lawn P. (eds), pp. 276–304.

Weinzettel, J., Hertwich, E.G., Peters, G.P., Steen-Olsen, S., Galli, A., 2013. Affluence drives the global displacement of land use. Global Environmental Change, 23, 433–438.

Ewing, B., Hawkins, T., Wiedmann, T., Galli, A., Ercin, E., Weinzettel, J., Steen-Olsen, K., 2012. Integrating Ecological and Water Footprint Accounting in a Multi-Regional Input-Output Framework. Ecological Indicators, 23, 1-8.

Galli, A., Kitzes, J., Niccolucci, V., Wackernagel, M., Wada, Y., Marchettini, N., 2012. Assessing the global environmental consequences of economic growth through the Ecological Footprint: A focus on China and India. Ecological Indicators, 17, 99-107.

Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B., Giljum, S. 2012. Integrating Ecological, Carbon, and Water Footprint into a “Footprint Family” of indicators: definition and role in tracking Human Pressure on the Planet. Ecological Indicators, 16, 100-112.

Moore, D., Cranston, G., Reed, A., Galli, A., 2012. Projecting future human demand on the Earth’s regenerative capacity. Ecological Indicators, 16, 3-10.

Niccolucci, V., Galli, A., Reed, A., Neri, E., Wackernagel, M., Bastianoni, S., 2011. Towards a 3D National Ecological Footprint Geography. Ecological Modelling, 222, 2939-2944.

Butchart, S.H.M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Almond, R.E.A., Baillie, J.E.M., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Carpenter, K.E., Carr, G.M., Chanson, J., Chenery, A.M., Csirke, J., Davidson, N.C., Dentener, F., Foster, M., Galli, A., Galloway, J.N., Genovesi, P., Gregory, R.D., Hockings, M., Kapos, V., Lamarque, J-F., Leverington, F., Loh, J., McGeoch, M.A., McRae, L., Minasyan, A., Hernández Morcillo, M., Oldfield, T.E.E., Pauly, D., Quader, S., Revenga, C., Sauer, J.R., Skolnik, B., Spear, D., Stanwell-Smith, D., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Tierney, M., Tyrrell, T.D., Vié, J-C., Watson, R., 2010. Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science, 328, 1164-1168. DOI: 10.1126/science.1187512.


Peer-Reviewed Academic Papers

2015

Amekudzi, A., Khayesi, M., Khisty, C. J., 2015. Sustainable development footprint: a framework for assessing sustainable development risks and opportunities in time and space. J. of Sustainable Development, 18, 9-40.

Galli, A., Halle, M., Grunewald, N., 2015. Physical limits to resource access and utilisation and their economic implications in Mediterranean economies. Environmental Science and Policy, 51, 125-136.

González-Vallejo, P., Marrero, M., Solís-Guzmán, J., 2015. The ecological footprint of dwelling construction in Spain, Ecological Indicators, 52, 75-84.

Hu, J., Zhen, L., Sun, C.-Z., Du, B.-Z., Wang, C., 2015. Ecological Footprint of Biological Resource Consumption in a Typical Area of the Green for Grain Project in Northwestern China. Environments, 2, 44-60.

2014

Al-mulali, U., Weng-Wai, C., Sheau-Ting, L., Mohammed, A., 2014. Investigating the environmental Kuznets curve (EKC) hypothesis by utilizing the ecological footprint as an indicator of environmental degradation. Ecological Indicators, 48, 315-323.

Chambers, N., Simmons, C., Wackernagel, M., 2014. Sharing nature's interest: ecological footprints as an indicator of sustainability. Routledge.

de Leo, F., Miglietta, P.P., Pavlinović, S., 2014. Marine Ecological Footprint of Italian Mediterranean Fisheries. Sustainability, 6, 7482-7495.

Fu, W., Turner, J., Zhao, J., Du, G., 2014. Ecological footprint (EF): An expanded role in calculating resource productivity (RP) using China and the G20 member countries as examples. Ecological Indicators, 48, 464-471.

Galli, A., Halle, M., 2014. Mounting Debt in a World in Overshoot: An Analysis of the Link between the Mediterranean Region’s Economic and Ecological Crises. Resources, 3(2), 383-394; doi:10.3390/resources3020383

Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., Iha, K., Lazarus, E., 2014. Ecological Footprint: implications for biodiversity. Biological Conservation, 173, 121-132.

Geng, Y., Zhang, L., Chen, X., Xue, B., Fujita, T., Dong, H., 2014. Urban ecological footprint analysis: a comparative study between Shenyang in China and Kawasaki in Japan. 75, 130-142.

Goldfinger, S., Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Lazarus, E., Lin, D., 2014. Footprint facts and fallacies: A response to Giampietro and Saltelli (2014) "Footprints to Nowhere." Ecological Indicators, 46, 622–632

Lambrechts, W., Van Liedekerke, L., 2014. Using ecological footprint analysis in higher education: Campus operations, policy development and educational purposes. Ecological Indicators, 45, 402-406.

Liu, M., Zhang, D., Min, Q., Xie, G., Su, N., 2014. The calculation of productivity factor for ecological footprints in China: A methodological note. Ecological Indicators, 38, 124-129.

Tittensor, D. P., Walpole, M., Hill, S., Boyce, D., Britten, G., Burgess, N., Butchart, S., Leadley, P., Regan, E., Alkemade, R., Baumung, R., Bellard, C., Bouwman, L., Bowles-Newark, N., Chenery, A., Cheung, W., Christensen, V., Cooper, H. D., Crowther, A., Dixon, M., Galli, A., Gaveau, V., Gregory, R., Gutierrez, N., Hirsch, T., Höft, R., Januchowski-Hartley, S., Karmann, M., Krug, C., Leverington, F., Loh, J., Kutsch Lojenga, R., Malsch, K., Marques, A., Morgan, D., Mumby, P., Newbold, T., Noonan-Mooney, K., Pagad, S., Parks, B., Pereira, H., Robertson, T., Rondinini, C., Santini, L., Scharlemann, J., Schindler, S., Rashid Sumaila, U., Teh, L., van Kolck, J., Visconti, P., and Ye, Y., 2014. A mid-term analysis of progress toward international biodiversity targets, Science, 346 (6206), 241-244.
Read our press release here.

Wackernagel, M., 2014. Comment on "Ecological Footprint Policy? Land Use as an Environmental Indicator". Journal of Industrial Ecology, 18, 20-23. doi: 10.1111/jiec.12094

Wackernagel, M., Cranston, G., Morales, J.C., Galli, A., 2014. Ecological Footprint Accounts. In: Handbook of Sustainable Development: second revised edition. Atkinson, G., Dietz, S., Neumayer, E., Agarwala, M. (eds). Edward Elgar Publishing, Cheltenham, Glos, UK.

Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Borucke, M., Lazarus, E., Mattoon, S., 2013. Ecological footprint accounting. In: Globalisation, Economic Transition and the Environment: Forging a Path to Sustainable Development. Lawn P. (eds), pp. 276–304. http://dx.doi.org/10.4337/9781781951415.00022

Weinzettel, J., Steen-Olsen, K., Hertwich, E.G., Borucke, M., Galli, A., 2014. Ecological footprint of nations: Comparison of process analysis, and standard and hybrid multiregional input–output analysis. Ecological Economics, 101, 115-126.

Xie G, Chen W, Cao S, Lu C, Xiao Y, Zhang C, Li N, Wang S., 2014. The Outward Extension of an Ecological Footprint in City Expansion: The Case of Beijing. Sustainability, 6, 9371-9386.

Yung-Jaan, L., and Li-Pei, P., 2014: Taiwan's Ecological Footprint (1994-2011). Sustainability, 6, 6170-6187.

2013

Bastianoni, S., Niccolucci, V., Neri, E., Cranston, G., Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., 2013. Sustainable Development: Ecological Footprint in Accounting. Encyclopedia of Environmental Management, pp. 2467-2481. DOI: 10.1081/E-EEM-120047347 Copyright © 2013 by Taylor & Francis.

Borucke M, Moore D, Cranston G, Gracey K, Iha K, Larson J, Lazarus E, Morales JC, Wackernagel M, Galli A. 2013. Accounting for demand and supply of the Biosphere's regenerative capacity: the National Footprint Accounts' underlying methodology and framework. Ecological Indicators, 24, 518-533.

Galli, A., Halle, M., Mattoon, S., and M. Wackernagel, 2013. Physical and financial limits to resource access and utilization: the case of the Mediterranean economies. In World Resource Forum, Davos, Switzerland, 6-9.

Galli, A., Weinzettel, J., Cranston, G., Ercin, E. 2013. A Footprint Family extended MRIO model to support Europe's transition to a One Planet Economy. Science of the Total Environment. 461-462, 813-818.

Passeri, N., Borucke, M., Blasi, M., Franco, S., and E. Lazarus, 2013. The influence of farming technique on cropland: A new approach for the Ecological Footprint. Ecological Indicators, 29, 1-5.

Rees, W., and M. Wackernagel, 2013. The shoe fits, but the footprint is larger than Earth. PLoS Biol. 11(11): e1001701. doi:10.1371/journal.pbio.1001701

Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Borucke, M., Lazarus, E., & Mattoon, S., 2013. Ecological footprint accounting. In Globalisation, Economic Transition and the Environment: Forging a Path to Sustainable Development. Cheltenham, UK: Edward Elgar Publishing.

Weinzettel, J., Hertwich, E.G., Peters, G.P., Steen-Olsen, S., Galli, A., 2013. Affluence drives the global displacement of land use. Global Environmental Change, 23, 433–438.

2012

Bastianoni, S., Niccolucci, V., Pulselli, R.M., Marchettini, N., 2012. Indicator and indicandum: "Sustainable way" vs "prevailing conditions" in the Ecological Footprint. Ecological Indicators, 16, 47-50.

Ewing, B., Hawkins, T., Wiedmann, T., Galli, A., Ercin, E., Weinzettel, J., Steen-Olsen, K., 2012. Integrating Ecological and Water Footprint Accounting in a Multi-Regional Input-Output Framework. Ecological Indicators, 23, 1-8.

Galli, A., Kitzes, J., Niccolucci, V., Wackernagel, M., Wada, Y., Marchettini, N., 2012. Assessing the global environmental consequences of economic growth through the Ecological Footprint: A focus on China and India. Ecological Indicators, 17, 99-107.

Galli, A., Wiedmann, T., Ercin, E., Knoblauch, D., Ewing, B., Giljum, S. 2012. Integrating Ecological, Carbon, and Water Footprint into a “Footprint Family” of indicators: definition and role in tracking Human Pressure on the Planet. Ecological Indicators, 16, 100-112.

Moore, D., Cranston, G., Reed, A., Galli, A., 2012. Projecting future human demand on the Earth’s regenerative capacity. Ecological Indicators, 16, 3-10.

Niccolucci, V., Tiezzi, E., Pulselli, F.M., Capineri, C., 2012. Biocapacity vs Ecological Footprint of world regions: A geopolitical interpretation. Ecological Indicators, 16, 23-30.

Sutton, P.C., Anderson, S., Tuttle, B.T., Morse, L., 2012. The real wealth of nations: Mapping and monetizing the human ecological footprint. Ecological Indicators, 16, 11-22.

2011

Niccolucci, V., Galli, A., Reed, A., Neri, E., Wackernagel, M., Bastianoni, S., 2011. Towards a 3D National Ecological Footprint Geography. Ecological Modelling, 222, 2939-2944.

2010

Butchart, S.H.M., Walpole, M., Collen, B., van Strien, A., Scharlemann, J.P.W., Almond, R.E.A., Baillie, J.E.M., Bomhard, B., Brown, C., Bruno, J., Carpenter, K.E., Carr, G.M., Chanson, J., Chenery, A.M., Csirke, J., Davidson, N.C., Dentener, F., Foster, M., Galli, A., Galloway, J.N., Genovesi, P., Gregory, R.D., Hockings, M., Kapos, V., Lamarque, J-F., Leverington, F., Loh, J., McGeoch, M.A., McRae, L., Minasyan, A., Hernández Morcillo, M., Oldfield, T.E.E., Pauly, D., Quader, S., Revenga, C., Sauer, J.R., Skolnik, B., Spear, D., Stanwell-Smith, D., Stuart, S.N., Symes, A., Tierney, M., Tyrrell, T.D., Vié, J-C., Watson, R., 2010. Global Biodiversity: Indicators of Recent Declines. Science, 328, 1164-1168. DOI: 10.1126/science.1187512.

Wiedmann, T., Barrett, J., 2010. A Review of the Ecological Footprint Indicator -Perceptions and Methods. Sustainability, 2(6), 1645-1693.

2009

Kitzes J, Galli A, Bagliani M, Barrett J, Dige G, Ede S, Erb K, Giljum S, Haberl H, Hails C, Jungwirth S, Lenzen M, Lewis K, Loh J, Marchettini N, Messinger H, Milne K, Moles R, Monfreda C, Moran D, Nakano K, Pyhälä A, Rees W, Simmons C, Wackernagel M, Wada Y, Walsh C, Wiedmann T., 2009. A Research Agenda for Improving National Ecological Footprint Accounts. Ecological Economics, 68(7), 1991-2007.

Kitzes, J., Moran, D., Galli, A., Wada, Y., Wackernagel, M., 2009. Interpretation and Application of the Ecological Footprint: A Reply to Fiala (2008). Ecological Economics, 68(4), 929-930.

Niccolucci, V., Bastianoni, S., Tiezzi, E.B.P., Wackernagel, M., Marchettini, N., 2009. How deep is the footprint? A 3D representation. Ecological Modelling, 220(20), 2819–2823.

2008

Bagliani M., Galli A., Niccolucci V., Marchettini N., 2008. The ecological footprint analysis applied to a sub-national area: the case of the Province of Siena (Italy). Journal of Environmental Management, 86(2), 354-364.

Kitzes, J., Wackernagel, M., Loh, J., Peller, A., Goldfinger, S., Cheng, D., Tea, K., 2008. Shrink and Share: Humanity’s Present and Future Ecological Footprint. Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society B, 363, 467-475.

Lammers, A., Moles, R., Walsh, C., Huijbregts, M.A.J., 2008. Ireland's footprint: A time series for 1983-2001. Land Use Policy, 25(1), 53-58.

Niccolucci, V, Galli, A., Kitzes, J., Pulselli, R.M., Borsa, S., Marchettini, N., 2008. Ecological Footprint Analysis applied to the production of two Italian wines. Agriculture, Ecosystems and Environment, 128, 162-166.

Patterson, T.M., Niccolucci, V., Marchettini, N., 2008. Adaptive environmental management of tourism in the Province of Siena, Italy using the ecological footprint. Journal of Environmental Management, 86(2), 407-418.

Pulselli, F.M., Ciampalini, F., Leipert, C., Tiezzi, E. 2008. Integrating methods for the environmental sustainability: The SPIn-Eco Project in the Province of Siena (Italy). Journal of Environmental Management, 86(2), 332-341.

Venetoulis, J., Talberth, J., 2008. Refining the ecological footprint. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 10, 441-469.

2007

Bastianoni, S., Galli, A., Pulselli, R.M., Niccolucci, N. 2007. Environmental and Economic Evaluation of Natural Capital Appropriation through Building Construction: Practical Case Study in the Italian Context. Ambio 36(7), 559-565.

Dietz, T., Rosa, E.A., York, R. 2007. Driving the human ecological footprint. Front Ecol Environ, 5, 13-18.

Galli, A., Kitzes, J., Wermer, P., Wackernagel, M., Niccolucci, V., Tiezzi, E., 2007. An Exploration of The Mathematics Behind The Ecological Footprint. International Journal of Ecodynamics, 2(4), 250-257.

Hunter, C., Shaw, J., 2007. The ecological footprint as a key indicator of sustainable tourism. Tourism Management, 28, 46–57.

Kitzes, J., Galli, A., Wackernagel, M., Goldfinger, S., Bastianoni, S. 2007a. A "Constant Global Hectare" Method for Representing Ecological Footprint Time Trends. Paper presented at the International Ecological Footprint Conference - Stepping up the Pace: New Developments in Ecological Footprint Methodology, Policy & Practice, 8-10 May, Cardiff, 2007.

Kitzes, J., Peller, A., Goldfinger, S. & Wackernagel, M., 2007b. Current Methods for Calculating National Ecological Footprint Accounts. Science for Environment & Sustainable Society, 4(1), 1-9.

Lenzen, M., Borgström Hansson, C., Bond, S., 2007. On the bioproductivity and land-disturbance metrics of the Ecological Footprint. Ecological Economics, 61, 6-10.

Lenzen, M., Murray, J., Sack, F., Wiedmann T., 2007. Shared producer and consumer responsibility - theory and practice. Ecological Economics, 61(1), 27-42.

Niccolucci, V., Pulselli, F.M., Tiezzi, E., 2007. Strengthening the threshold hypothesis: Economic and biophysical limits to growth. Ecological Economics, 60, 667-672.

Nguyen, H.X., and Yamamoto, R., 2007. Modification of ecological footprint evaluation method to include non-renewable resource consumption using thermodynamic approach. Resources, Conservation & Recycling, 51(4), 870-884.

Patterson, T.M., Niccolucci, V., Bastianoni, S., 2007. Beyond “more is better”: Ecological footprint accounting for tourism and consumption in Val di Merse, Italy. Ecological Economics, 62(3-4), 747-756.

Turner, K., Lenzen, M., Wiedmann, T., Barrett, J., 2007. Examining the global environmental impact of regional consumption activites – Part 1: A technical note on combining input-output and ecological footprint analysis. Ecological Economics, 62(1), 37-44.

Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., 2007. An overview on ecological footprint and sustainable development: a chat with Mathis Wackernagel. International Journal of Ecodynamics, 2 (1), 1-9.

White, T.J., 2007. Sharing resources: The global distribution of the Ecological Footprint. Ecological Economics, 64(2), 402-410.

Wiedmann, T., Lenzen, M., 2007. On the Conversion between local and global hectares in Ecological Footprint analysis. Ecological Economics, 60, 673-677.

Wiedmann, T., Lenzen, M., Turner, K., Barrett, J., 2007. Examining the global environmental impact of regional consumption activites – Part 2: Review of input-output models for the assessment of environmental impacts embodied in trade. Ecological Economics, 61(1), 15-26.

2006

Bastianoni, S., Galli, A., Niccolucci, V. and Pulselli, R.M. 2006. The ecological footprint of building construction. In: The Sustainable City IV: Urban regeneration and sustainability. Mander, U., Brebbia, C.A. and Tiezzi, E. (eds.). WIT Press, Southampton, UK, pp. 345-356.

Chen, B., Chen, G.Q., 2006a. Ecological footprint accounting based on emergy - A case study of the Chinese society. Ecological Modelling, 198, 101-114.

Chen, B., Chen, G.Q., 2006b. Modified ecological footprint accounting and analysis based on embodied exergy — a case study of the Chinese society 1981–2001. Ecological Economics, 61, 355-376.

Cuandra, M., Björklund J., 2006. Assessment of economic and ecological carrying capacity of agricultural crops in Nicaragua. Ecological Indicators, 7(1), 133-149.

Jorgenson, A.K, Burns, T.J., 2006. The political-economic causes of change in the ecological footprints of nations, 1991–2001: A quantitative investigation. Social Science Research, in Press, doi: 10.1016/J.ssresearch.2006.06.003.

McDonald, G.W., Forgie, V.E., MacGregor, C., 2006. Treading lightly: Ecofootprints of New Zealand's ageing population. Ecological Economics, 56, 424-439.

Medved, S., 2006. Present and future ecological footprint of Slovenia-The influence of energy demand scenarios. Ecological Modelling, 192, 25-36.

Onn, N., Dale-Hallett, L., Grant, T., Othman, M., 2006. A preliminary investigation of the Ecological Footprint of Melbourne Museum. Proceedings of APEN International Conference, Victoria, Australia.

Peeters, P., Schouten, F., 2006. Reducing the ecological footprint of inbound tourism and transport to Amsterdam. Journal of Sustainable Tourism, 14, 157–171.

Rees, W.E., 2006. Ecological Footprints and Bio-Capacity: Essential Elements in Sustainability Assessment. In: Dewulf, J., Van Langenhove, H. (eds), Renewables-Based Technology: Sustainability Assessment. John Wiley and Sons, Chichester, pp. 143-158.

Wackernagel, M., Kitzes, J., Moran, D., Goldfinger, S. and Thomas, M., 2006. The ecological footprint of cities and regions: comparing resource availability with resource demand. Environ. Urban. 18, 103-112.

Wiedmann, T., Minx, J., Barrett, J., Wackernagel, M., 2006. Allocating ecological footprints to final consumption categories with input–output analysis. Ecological Economics, 56, 28-48.

Yue, D., Xu, X., Li, Z., Hui, C., Li, W., Yang, H., Ge, J., 2006. Spatiotemporal analysis of ecological footprint and biological capacity of Gansu, China 1991–2015: Down from the environmental cliff. Ecological Economics, 58, 393-406.

2005

Aall, C., Norland, I.T., 2005. The use of the Ecological Footprint in local politics and administration: results and implications from Norway. Local Environment, 10, 159-172.

Barrett, J., Birch, R., Charrett, N., Wiedmann, T., 2005. Exploring the Application of the Ecological Footprint to Sustainable Consumption Policy. Journal of Environmental Policy & Planning, 7, 303-316.

Dias de Oliveira, M.E., Vaughan, B.E., Rykiel, E.J., 2005. Ethanol as Fuel: Energy, Carbon Dioxide Balances, and Ecological Footprint. BioScience, 55, 593-602.

Holden, E. and Høyer, K.G. 2005. The ecological footprints of fuels. Transportation Research Part D 10, 395–403.

Nijdam, D.S., Wilting, H.C., Goedkoop, M.J., Madsen, J., 2005. Environmental Load from Dutch Private Consumption: How Much Damage Takes Place Abroad? Journal of Industrial Ecology, 9, 147-168.

Stoeglehner, G., Levy, J.K., Neugebauer, G.C., 2005. Improving the ecological footprint of nuclear energy: a risk-based lifecycle assessment approach for critical infrastructure systems. International Journal of Critical Infrastructures, 1(4), 394–403.

Van Vuuren, D.P., Bouwman, L.F., 2005. Exploring past and future changes in the ecological footprint for world regions. Ecological Economics, 52, 43-62.

Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C., Moran, D., Wermer, P., Goldfinger, S., Deumling, D. & Murray, M., 2005. National Footprint and Biocapacity Accounts 2005: the underlying calculation method. Global Footprint Network, Oakland, Available on line at: www.footprintnetwork.org.

Zhao, S., Li, Z., Li, W., 2005. A modified method of ecological footprint calculation and its application. Ecological Modelling, 185, 65-75.

2004

Bagliani, M., Da Villa, E., Gattolin, M., Niccolucci, V., Patterson, T., Tiezzi, E., 2004. The ecological footprint analysis for the Province of Venice and the relevance of tourism. In Marchettini, N., Brebbia, C.A., Tiezzi E., Wadhwa, L.C.(eds.), The Sustainable City III, WIT Press, Southampton, UK, pp 123-132.

Barrett, J., Birch, R., Cherrett, N., Simmons, C., 2004. An Analysis of the Policy and Educational Applications of the Ecological Footprint. Stockholm Environmental Institutes, York, UK.

Erb, K.-H., 2004a. Actual Land Demand of Austria 1926 - 2000: A Variation on Ecological Footprint Assessments. Land Use Policy, 21, 247-259.

Gassner, J., Narodoslawsky,M., 2004. Sustainable economy and their application to Austria. International Journal of Environment and Sustainable Development 3 (2), 120–144.

Haberl, H., Wackernagel, M., Krausmann, F., Erb, K.H. and Monfreda, C. 2004b. Ecological footprints and human appropriation of net primary production: a comparison. Land use policy 21, 279-288.

McDonald, G.W., Patterson, M.G., 2004. Ecological Footprints and interdependencies of New Zealand regions. Ecological Economics, 50, 49-67.

Monfreda, C., Wackernagel, M. and Deumling, D. 2004. Establishing national natural capital accounts based on detailed ecological footprint and biological capacity assessments. Land Use Policy, 21, 231-246.

Nijkamp, P., Rossi, E., Vindigni, G., 2004. Ecological footprints in plural: a meta-analytic comparison of empirical results. Regional Studies, 28, 747-765.

Olgyay, V. and Herdt, J. 2004. The application of ecosystems services criteria for green building assessment. Solar Energy 77, 389-398.

Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C., Schulz, N.B., Erb, K.H., Haberl, H., Krausmann, F., 2004. Calculating national and global ecological footprint time series: resolving conceptual challenges. Land use policy, 21, 271-278.

Wackernagel, M., White, S., Moran, D., 2004. Using Ecological Footprint accounts: from analysis to applications. Int. J. Environment and Sustainable Development, 3, 293-315.

Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C., Erb, K.-H., Haberl, H., Schulz, N.B., 2004. Ecological footprint time series of Austria, the Philippines, and South Korea for 1961-1999: comparing the conventional approach to an ‘actual land area’ approach. Land use policy, 21, 261-269.

2003

Bagliani, M., Ferlaino, F., Procopio, S., 2003. The analysis of the environmental sustainability of the economic sectors of the Piedmont Region (Italy). In: Tiezzi E., Brebbia C.A., Uso J.L. (eds.), Ecosystems and Sustainable Development. WIT Press, Southampton, UK, pp. 613-622.

Deumling, D., Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C., 2003. Eating up the Earth: how sustainable food systems shrink our ecological footprint. Redefining Progress. Available on line at: http://www.r-progress.org/newpubs/2003/ag_food_0703.pdf.

Hubacek, K., Giljum, S., 2003. Applying physical input-output analysis to estimate land appropriation (ecological footprint) of international trade activities. Ecological Economics, 44, 137-151.

Lenzen, M., Lundie, S., Bransgrove, G., Charet, L., Sack, F., 2003. Assessing the Ecological Footprint of a large metropolitan water supplier: lessons for water management and planning towards sustainability. Journal of Environmental Planning and Management, 46, 113-141.

Rees, W.E., 2003. Economic Development and Environmental Protection: An Ecological Economics Perspective. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment, 86, 29-45.

Senbel, M., McDaniels, T., Dowlatabadi, H., 2003. The ecological footprint: a non-monetary metric of human consumption applied to North America; Global Environmental Change, 13, 83-100.

Sutton, P. 2003. An empirical environmental Sustainability Index derived solely from nighttime satellite imagery and ecosystem service valuation. Popul Environ, 24, 293-311.

Torras, M. 2003. An ecological footprint approach to external debt relief. World Development 31, 2161-2171.

Warren-Rhodes, K., Sadovy, Y. and Cesar, H. 2003. Marine ecosystem appropriation in the Indo-Pacific: A case study of the live reef fish food trade. Ambio, 32, 481-488.

Wood, R., Lenzen, M., 2003. An application of a modified ecological footprint method and structural path analysis in a comparative institutional study. Local Environment, 8, 365-386.

York, R., Rosa, E.A., Dietz, T. 2003. STIRPAT, IPAT and ImPACT: analytic tools for unpacking the driving forces of environmental impacts. Ecological Economics, 46, 351-365.

York, R., Rosa, E.A., Dietz, T. 2003. Footprints on the Earth: The Environmental Consequences of Modernity. American Sociological Review, 68(2), 279-300.

2002

Barrett, J., Vallack, H., Jones, A., Haq, G., 2002. A Material Flow Analysis and Ecological Footprint of York. Technical Report, Stockholm Environment Institute, Stockholm, Sweden.

Ferng, J.J., 2002. Towards a scenario analysis framework for energy footprint. Ecological Economics, 40, 53-69.

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Nonhebel, S., 2002. Consumption patterns and their effects on land required for food. Ecological Economics, 42, 185-199.

Gerbens-Leenes, P.W., Nonhebel, S., Ivens, W.P.M.F., 2002. A method to determine land requirements relating to food consumption patterns. Agriculture, Ecosystems & Environment, 90, 47-58.

Gössling, S., Borgström Hansson, C., Horstmeier, O., Saggel, S., 2002. Ecological footprint analysis as a tool to assess tourism sustainability. Ecological Economics, 43, 199–211.

Hunter, C., 2002. Sustainable tourism and the tourist ecological footprint. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 4, 7–20.

Sanderson, E.W., Jaiteh, M., Levy, M.A., Redford, K.H., Wannebo, A.V., Woolmer, G., 2002. The Human Footprint and the Last of the Wild. BioScience, 52(10), 891-904.

Wackernagel, M., Schulz, N.B., Deumling, D., Linares, A.C., Jenkins, M., Kapos, V., Monfreda, C., Loh, J., Myers, N., Norgaard, R., Randers, J. 2002. Tracking the ecological overshoot of the human economy. Proceedings of the National Academy of Science, 99, 9266-9271.

2001

Barrett, J., 2001. Component ecological footprint: developing sustainable scenarios. Impact Assessment and Project Appraisal, 19, 107-108.

Ferng, J.J., 2001. Using composition of land multiplier to estimate ecological footprints associated with production activity. Ecological Economics, 37, 159–172.

Haberl, H., Erb, K.H., Krausmann, F. 2001. How to calculate and interpret ecological footprints for long periods of time: the case of Austria 1926-1995. Ecological Economics, 38, 25-45.

Lenzen, M., Murray, S.A., 2001c. A modified ecological footprint method and its application to Australia. Ecological Economics, 37, 229–255.

Luck, M.A., Darrel Jenerette, G., Wu, J., Grimm, N.B., 2001. The urban funnel model and the spatially heterogeneous ecological footprint. Ecosystems, 4, 782-796.

Rees, W.E., 2001. Ecological Footprint, Concept of. Encyclopedia of Biodiversity (Levin, S., Editor-in-Chief). Vol 2, pp 229 –244. Academic Press, San Diego.

Warren-Rhodes, K., Koenig, A., 2001 Ecosystem appropriation by Hong Kong and its implications for sustainable development. Ecological Economics, 39, 347-359.

2000

Ayres, R.U., 2000. Commentary on the utility of the ecological footprint concept; Ecological Economics, 32, 347-349.

Deutsch, L., Jansson, Å., Troell, M., Rönnbäck, P., Folke, C., Kautsky, N., 2000. The “ecological footprint”: communicating human dependence on nature’s work. Ecological Economics, 32, 351–355.

Moffatt, I., 2000. Ecological footprints and sustainable development. Ecological Economics, 32, 359-362.

Opschoor, H., 2000. The ecological footprint: measuring rod or metaphor? Ecological Economics, 32, 363-365.

Rapport, D.J., 2000. Ecological footprints and ecosystem health: complementary approaches to a sustainable future. Ecological Economics, 32, 367-370.

Simmons, C., Lewis, K., Barrett, J., 2000. Two feet-two approaches: a component-based model of ecological footprinting? Ecological Economics, 32, 375-380.

Simpson, R.W., Petroeschevsky, A., Lowe, I., 2000. An ecological footprint analysis for Australia, Australian Journal of Environmental Management, 7, 11-18.

Van Kooten, G.C., Bulte, E.H., 2000. The ecological footprint: useful science or politics? Ecological Economics, 32, 385-389.

van Vuuren, D.P., Smeets, E.M.W., 2000. Ecological footprints of Benin, Bhutan, Costa Rica and the Netherlands. Ecological Economics, 34, 115–130.

Wackernagel, M., Silverstein, J., 2000. Big things first: focusing on the scale imperative with the ecological footprint. Ecological Economics, 32(3), 391-394.

1999

Ferguson, A.R.B., 1999. The Logical Foundations of Ecological Footprints. Environment, Development and Sustainability, 1, 149–156.

Herendeen, R.A., 2000. Ecological footprint is a vivid indicator of indirect effects. Ecological Economics, 32, 357-358.

van den Bergh, J.C.J.M., Verbruggen, H., 1999. Spatial sustainability, trade and indicators: an evaluation of the "ecological footprint". Ecological Economics, 29, 61-72.

Wackernagel, M., Lewan, L. and Hansson, C.B., 1999a. Evaluating the use of natural capital with the ecological footprint. Ambio 28, 604–612.

Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Bello, P., Linares, A.C., Falfán, L., García, J.M., Suárez, G.A.I., Suárez, G.M.G., 1999b. National natural capital accounting with the ecological footprint concept. Ecological Economics, 29, 375–390.

1998

Bicknell, K.B., Ball, R.J., Cullen, R., Bigsby, H., 1998. New methodology for the ecological footprint with an application to the New Zealand economy. Ecological Economics. 27, 149–160.

Fricker, A., 1998. The ecological footprint of New Zealand as a step towards sustainability. Futures, 30: 559-567.

Levett, R., 1998. Footprinting: a great step forward, but tread carefully. Local Environment, 3, 67-74.

Wackernagel, M. and Yount, J.D. 1998. The ecological footprint: an indicator of progress toward regional sustainability. Environmental Monitoring and Assessment 51, 511–529.

1997

Folke, C., Jansson, Å., Larsson, J., Costanza, R., 1997. Ecosystem appropriation by cities. Ambio 26, 167-172.

Kautsky, N., Berg, H., Folke, C., Larsson, J., Troell M., 1997. Ecological footprint for assessment of resource use and development limitations in shrimp and tilapia aquaculture. Aquacult. Res. 28, 753-766.

1996

Rees, W.E., 1996. Revisiting Carrying Capacity: Area-Based Indicators of Sustainability. Population and Environment, 17, 195-215.

Rees, W.E., Wackernagel, M., 1996. Urban ecological footprints: why cities cannot be sustainable - and why they are a key to sustainability. Environ Impact Assess Rev 16, 223-248.

1994

Dietz, T., Rosa, E.A., 1994. Rethinking the environmental impacts of population, affluence and technology. Hum Ecol R,1, 277-300.

1992

Rees, W.E., 1992. Ecological footprints and appropriated carrying capacity: What urban economics leaves out. Environment and Urbanization, 4, 121-130.

Books or Reports

Sakmar, S.L., Wackernagel, M., Galli, A., Moore, D., 2011. Sustainable Development and Environmental Challenges in the MENA Region: Accounting for the Environment in the 21st Century. Working Paper No. 592. Economic Research Forum, 21 Al-Sad Al-Aaly Street Dokki, Giza, Egypt.

Pulselli, F.M., Bastianoni, S., Marchettini, N., Tiezzi, E., forthcoming. The Road to Sustainability. 2008. WIT Press, Southampton, UK.

DG Environment (Directorate General of the Environment, European Commission) 2007. Potential of the Ecological Footprint for monitoring environmental impact from natural resources use – Analyse the potential of the Ecological Footprint and related assessment tools for use in the EU’s Thematic Strategy on the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources. Ongoing assessment.

Giljum, S., Hammer, M., Stocker, A., Lackner, M., Best, A., Blobel, D., Ingwersen, W., Naumann, S., Neubauer, A., Simmons, C., Lewis, K., Shmelev, S., 2007. Scientific assessment and evaluation of the indicator “Ecological Footprint“. Final project report. German Federal Environment Agency, Dessau.

Lenzen, M., Wiedmann, T., Foran, B., Dey, C., Widmer-Cooper, A., Williams, M., Ohlemüller, R. 2007. Forecasting the Ecological Footprint of Nations: a blueprint for a dynamic approach. ISA Research Paper 07/01.

Risk & Policy Analysts Ltd. 2007. A review of recent developments in, and the practical use of, ecological footprinting methodologies: A report to the Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs. Defra, London.

Talberth, J., Venetoulis, J., Wolowicz, K., 2007. Recasting Marine Ecological Fishprint.

Schaefer, F., Luksch, U., Steinbach, N., Cabeça, J., Hanauer, J., 2006. Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity: The world’s ability to regenerate resources and absorb waste in a limited time period. Eurostat.

von Stokar, T., Steinemann, M., Rüegge, B., Schmill, J., 2006. Switzerland’s ecological footprint: A contribution to the sustainability debate. Published by Federal Office for Spatial Development (ARE), Agency for Development and Cooperation (SDC), Federal Office for the Environment (FOEN), Federal Statistical Office (FSO), Neuchåtel.

Wiedmann, T., Minx, J., Barrett, J., Vanner, R., Ekins, P., 2006. Sustainable Consumption and Production - Development of an Evidence Base: Resource Flows. Final Project Report, August 2006. London, Department for Environment, Food and Rural Affairs, London, UK.

CBD SBSTTA (Convention on Biological Diversity Subsidiary Body on Scientific, Technical and Technological Advice) 2005. Indicators for Assessing Progress Towards the 2010 Target: Ecological Footprint and Related Concepts. Note by the Executive Secretary, SBSTTA Eleventh Meeting, Montreal, 28 November – 2 December 2005.

George, C., Dias, S., 2005. Sustainable Consumption and Production - Development of an Evidence Base, Study of Ecological Footprinting. Final Report (Revised) – June 2005, Prepared for Department for Environment, Food & Rural Affairs.

Lenzen, M., Wackernagel, M., Lauck, B., Wermer, P., 2005. The Ecological Footprint of the State of Victoria. University of Sydney, Global Footprint Network and Environment Protection Authority, Victoria.

Lovink, J.S., Wackernagel, M., Goldfinger, S.H., 2004. Eco-Insurance: Risk Management for the 21st Century.

Meadows, D.H., Randers, J., Meadow, D.L., 2004. Limits to Growth – The 30-year Update. Chelsea Green Publishing Company, White River Junction, Vermont, USA.

Ambiente Italia, 2003. European Common Indicators: Towards a Local Sustainability Profile. Final Project Report Development, Refinement, Management and Evaluation of European Common Indicators Project.

Wackernagel, M., Monfreda, C. and Deumling, D. 2002. Ecological footprint of nations, November 2002 update: How much nature do they use? How much nature do they have?

Chambers, G. (Editor), 2001. Ecological Footprinting: A Technical Report to the STOA Panel. Published by European Parliament, Directorate General for Research, Directorate A, The SOTA Programme.

Lewan, L. and Simmons, C. 2001. The use of Ecological Footprint and Biocapacity Analyses as Sustainability Indicators for Sub-national Geographical Areas: a Recommended way Forward. Final Report. European Common Indicators Project EUROCITIES/Ambiente Italia.

Onisto, L.J., Krause, E., Wackernagel, M., 1997. How big is Toronto’s ecological footprint? Using the concept of appropriated carrying capacity for measuring sustainability. Centro de estudios para la sustenibilidad and The City of Toronto.

Wackernagel, M., Onisto, L., Linares, A.C., Falfan, I.S.L., Garcia, J.M., Guerrero, A.I.S., Guerrero, M.G.S., 1997. Ecological Footprint of nation: how much nature do they use? How much nature do they have? International Council for Local Environment Initiatives, Toronto, Commissioned by the Earth Council for the RIO +5 forum.

Wackernagel, M., McIntosh, J., Rees, W.E., Woollard, R., 1993. How big is our ecological footprint? A handbook for estimating a community’s appropriated carrying capacity. Discussion draft of the Task Force on Planning Healthy and Sustainable Communities, University of British Columbia, Vancouver, BC.