Country Trends

Curious about the Footprints of individual countries?*

Dati e Risultati

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National Footprint Accounts:

The National Footprint Accounts (NFAs), developed by Global Footprint Network, provide comprehensive data on humanity’s demand on nature. They track how this demand compares across more than 200 countries, territories, and regions, and how it relates to the planet’s biological capacity to meet these demands.

Graphic country time trends for tracking per-person Ecological Footprint and biocapacity since 1961 are available in the “COUNTRY TRENDS” table to the right.

The annually updated National Footprint Accounts undergo continuous improvement under the advice of the National Accounts Review Committee. The latest method is described in the Calculation Methodology Paper.

For non commercial, educational use only, we now offer free access to a new Public Data Package, which includes latest per-capita Ecological Footprint and biocapacity results for 186 countries.

Suggested citation for data and graphs from the National Footprint Accounts:
© 2016 Global Footprint Network. National Footprint Accounts, 2016 Edition.

Obtaining Data

The National Footprint Accounts and Country Risk Rankings are available under license for a wide variety of applications including educational, research and commercial purposes. Please visit our licensing page for more details.

Country Risk Rankings:

Global Footprint Network’s Country Risk Rankings quantify natural resource and environmental risks so they can be incorporated into country risk and sovereign credit risk assessments. The methodology is based on the ERISC (Environmental Risk in Sovereign Credit analysis) methodology, developed jointly with UNEP FI and 14 financial institutions. The method relies on the Ecological Footprint and biocapacity metrics, which measure renewable biological resources (such as fisheries, forests, cropland and grazing land) and are supplemented with data on non-renewable natural resources including fossil fuels, metals and minerals to provide a more comprehensive definition of natural resources. The Country Risk Rankings lay the foundations for enhanced analytics that can account for the growing materiality of natural resource constraints for sovereign credit risk.

The ERISC report fills a methodology gap by exploring to what extent resource and ecological risks can impact a nation’s economy and how these factors affect a nation’s ability to pay its debts. ERISC rankings are now available for over 130 countries.

Additional Resources

The Working Guidebook to the 2014 National Footprint Accounts describes the implementation of the Ecological Footprint methodology as presented in the 2014 edition for the National Footprint Accounts. It provides an in depth description of each part of the 2014 NFA workbook, along with detailed descriptions of calculations and data sources.

The Ecological Footprint Atlas 2010 explains the purpose behind Ecological Footprint accounting, addressing research questions and basic concepts, as well as the underlying science of the calculations. Giving examples of how the Ecological Footprint has been applied. For the technical reader, the Atlas includes more detailed notes about calculation of the results, explains recent advances to enhance the consistency, reliability and resolution of the National Footprint Accounts, and reviews the evolution of the National Footprint Accounts methodology.

ERISC: A New Angle on Sovereign Credit Risk report describes the rationale and methodology used to substantiate the business case for financial institutions and ratings agencies to include ecological criteria as a key component of country risk analysis.