Mediterranean Initiative

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The Mediterranean is a unique biodiversity hotspot and tourist destination. One third of all tourists worldwide visit the Mediterranean region every year. Unsustainable consumption and development trends, however, threaten the ecological assets that are the Mediterranean region's most valuable sources of strength.

Overall, the Mediterranean region is using approximately 2.5 times more renewable resources than its ecosystems can provide, according to a new study by Global Footprint Network, titled "How can Mediterranean societies thrive in an era of decreasing resources?" In addition, no country in the Mediterranean region meets two key minimum conditions for global sustainable development: living within the planet's resource budget and satisfactory well-being for its residents, according to the study.


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Highlights from the study include:

  • The average Food Footprint of a Mediterranean resident is approximately 0.9 gha per person—with a range from 0.6 gha—thus higher than that of such countries as India (0.4 gha), China (0.5 gha), Costa Rica (0.6 gha) and Germany (0.8 gha).
  • In analysis of 12 Mediterranean cities, Cairo has the highest total Ecological Footprint, followed by Barcelona and Rome.
  • The Mediterranean cities with the highest Ecological Footprint per person are Genoa, Athens and Rome.
  • The Mediterranean cities with the lowest Ecological Footprint per person are Antalya, Cairo and Izmur.
  • The demand for renewable resources in Athens exceeds the entire nation of Greece's supply of resources by 22 percent, although the city's population comprises about a third of the nation's population.

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MEDIA COVERAGE

Country Human Development Index Carbon Footprint Non-carbon Footprint Total Ecological Footprint Biocapacity Food Footprint Transportation Footprint Housing Footprint
Albania 0.75 0.61 1.18 1.79 1.15 0.79 0.32 0.14
Algeria 0.71 0.65 1.11 1.76 0.57
Bosnia and Herzegovina 0.73 1.08 1.46 2.53 1.70
Croatia 0.80 1.60 1.64 3.24 2.74 0.94 0.46 0.35
Cyprus 0.85 2.25 1.97 4.22 0.33 0.88 1.05 0.28
Egypt 0.66 0.65 1.15 1.79 0.54 0.64 0.20 0.23
France 0.89 2.10 2.56 4.66 2.96 0.92 1.27 0.30
Greece 0.87 2.10 2.32 4.41 1.41 1.22 1.30 0.31
Israel 0.90 2.49 1.77 4.26 0.26 0.79 1.03 0.39
Italy 0.88 2.26 2.26 4.52 1.04 0.93 1.32 0.34
Jordan 0.70 0.70 1.23 1.93 0.26
Lebanon 0.74 1.61 1.73 3.34 0.34
Libya 0.77 1.74 1.53 3.27 0.65
Macedonia TFYR 0.74 1.61 1.36 2.96 1.61
Malta 0.84 2.20 2.24 4.43 0.50 1.25 0.82 0.44
Montenegro 0.79 1.24 1.93 3.17 2.61
Morocco 0.59 0.38 1.10 1.48 0.83 0.83 0.09 0.06
Palestine 0.66 0.26 0.25 0.52 0.09
Portugal 0.82 1.84 2.68 4.52 1.31 1.50 1.21 0.15
Slovenia 0.89 2.82 1.77 4.59 2.30 0.63 0.78 0.70
Spain 0.88 1.83 2.22 4.05 1.44 1.15 0.87 0.18
Syria 0.65 0.73 0.90 1.63 0.59
Tunisia 0.71 0.68 1.15 1.83 0.76 0.83 0.21 0.20
Turkey 0.72 1.18 1.38 2.56 1.54 0.92 0.36 0.20
Note: All Footprint and biocapacity data is expressed in global hectares per person and refers to year 2010. Food, transportation and housing Footprints were calculated for 15 cities.