Highlights from the study include:
- In analysis of 12 Mediterranean cities, Cairo has the highest total Ecological Footprint, followed by Barcelona and Rome. Residents of Cairo (about 16% of the country’s population) demand about 85 percent of the overall country’s biocapacity.
- The Mediterranean cities with the highest Ecological Footprint per person are Genoa, Athens, and Rome.
- The Mediterranean cities with the lowest Ecological Footprint per person are Antalya, Cairo, and Izmir.
- The demand for renewable resources in Athens exceeds the entire nation of Greece's supply of resources by 22 percent, although the city's population comprises about a third of the nation's population. Transportation is the single most important Footprint driver in Athens, alone demanding approximately 36 percent of the country’s biocapacity. Municipal transportation policies in Athens could thus likely lead to a noticeable reduction in the Ecological Footprint of Greece.